Other Slide by
Commentscomments powered by Disqus
Presentation Slides & Transcript
Presentation Slides & Transcript
ConcussionsPerry Baker- Supervisor of Athletics and Extracurricular Activities
ContentsDefinitionFacts about concussionsHow to recognize a possible concussionSigns and symptomsWhat to do when a concussion is suspectedPrevention and PreparationCommunicating to athletes, parents, and staff
DefinitionA concussion is a brain injury and all brain injuries are serious.They are caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head.They can also be caused by a blow to another part of the body with force transmitted to the head.They range from mild to severe.ALL concussions are serious and may result in complications including prolonged brain damage and death if not recognized and managed properly.
Facts about concussionsA concussion is a brain injury.All concussions are serious.Most occur without loss of consciousness.Concussions can occur in any sport or recreation activity.Recognition and proper response to concussions when they first occur can help prevent further injury or death.
Important Facts!Athletes who have had a previous concussion are at increased risk for another concussion.Young children and teens are more likely to get a concussion and take longer to recover than adults.A repeat concussion that occurs before the brain recovers can slow recovery or increase the likelihood of having long-term problems.
Recognizing a possible concussionYou should watch for and ask others to report the following two things among your athletes:A forceful bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that results in rapid movement of the head.Any concussion symptoms or change in an athlete’s behavior, thinking, or physical functioning.
Signs observed by coaching staffAppears dazed or stunned Is confused about assignment or position Forgets an instruction Is unsure of game, score, or opponent Moves clumsily Answers questions slowly Loses consciousness (even briefly) Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes Can’t recall events prior to hit or fall Can’t recall events after hit or fall
Signs reported by athleteHeadache or “pressure” in head Nausea or vomiting Balance problems or dizziness Double or blurry vision Sensitivity to light Sensitivity to noise Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy Concentration or memory problems Confusion Just not “feeling right” or is “feeling down”
When a concussion is suspected4 step action plan:Remove the athlete from play.Ensure that the athlete is evaluated by a health care professional experienced in evaluating for concussion.Inform the athlete’s parents about possible concussion using appropriate MPSSAA concussion forms.Keep the athlete out of play until the health care professional says they are symptom free and can return gradually to play.
Immediate medical attention for:One pupil larger than the other Is drowsy or cannot be awakened A headache that not only does not diminish, but gets worse Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination Repeated vomiting or nausea Slurred speech Convulsions or seizures Cannot recognize people or places Becomes increasingly confused, restless, or agitated Has unusual behavior Loses consciousness (a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously).
Prevention and PreparationFamiliarize yourself with county and state policy regarding concussions.Create a concussion action plan.Complete the NFHS Concussion Course.Educate athletes, parents and your coaching staff.Monitor the health of your athletes.Insist that safety come first.Prevent long term problemsTeach athletes it’s not smart to play with a concussion.
Prevention and Preparation Work closely with school officials (AD, ATC, school nurse, teachers).Track concussion with appropriate MPSSAA forms.Review concussion policy and action plan frequently.
CommunicationVideo: Brandon’s Storyhttp://www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury/CTK_video_WM-BB.html
Communicating with athletesPass out “Heads Up” fact sheet to athletes.Show videos online at: www.cdc.gov/Concussion/ResourcesDevote team meetings to this topic.Invite health care professionals to educate athletes.Make sure athletes understand signs and symptoms.Make sure athletes report signs and symptoms to coaches right away.Make sure athletes understand that it is not smart to play with a concussion.Make sure athlete signs the concussion form in the FCPS paperwork packet.
Communicate with parentsMake sure parents get “Heads Up” fact sheet.Discuss county and state policy with parents at Meet the Coach Night.Make sure parents understand that the athlete’s safety is our first priority.Have parents alert the coach to any known or suspected concussions.Alert coach of previous concussions.Have parents educate their athlete.Make sure parents sign the concussion form in the FCPS paperwork packet.
Communicate with staffReport all suspected concussions to the athletic director with appropriate MPSSAA paperwork.Inform school nurse of possible concussion.Inform teachers as it might impact school work.Work closely with ATC to make sure appropriate “gradual return to play” protocol is in place.
ALL FCPS COACHES MUST:Complete the NFHS Concussion Course at http://www.nfhslearn.comUnderstand county and state concussion policy.Have an action plan.Educate parents, students, and staff.Err on the side of safety.Use appropriate MPSSAA forms and report all suspected concussions.
ReferencesHeads Up Concussion in High School Sports Guide for Coaches. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/high_school.htmlFrederick County Public Schools Concussion Information Sheet.